Beware of the common side effects of these popular supplements

Probiotics can cause bloating, gas, and mild gastrointestinal discomfort in some people

Supplements are products containing one or more dietary ingredients, such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, amino acids or other substances, intended to supplement the diet. They come in a variety of forms, including pills, capsules, powders, liquids, and gummies. People often take supplements to fill nutrient gaps in their diet, support general health, or address specific health issues. Read on as we share a list of side effects that can be caused by supplement consumption.

Here are some of the common side effects of popular supplements:

1. Vitamin D

Excessive intake of vitamin D can cause nausea, vomiting, weakness and confusion. If you experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or weakness after taking vitamin D supplements, it may indicate an overdose. Stop taking vitamin D supplements immediately and consult a health care professional. They can advise on the appropriate dosage or if you need to stop supplementation altogether.

2. Iron

Iron supplements can cause constipation, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. If you notice digestive discomfort or constipation after taking iron supplements, it may be a sign of intolerance or overdose. Reduce the dose or switch to another form of iron supplement. Increasing your fiber intake and staying hydrated can also help relieve constipation.

3. Calcium

Excessive calcium intake can cause constipation, kidney stones and interfere with the absorption of other minerals such as iron and zinc. If you develop kidney stones or experience persistent constipation after starting calcium supplementation, it may be due to too much calcium intake. Consult a healthcare professional to adjust your calcium intake or switch to another form of supplementation. Increasing your fluid intake and maintaining a balanced diet can help prevent constipation and the formation of kidney stones.

4. Fish oil (omega-3 fatty acids)

Fish oil supplements may cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, and a fishy aftertaste. If you experience gastrointestinal discomfort or notice a lingering fishy taste after taking fish oil supplements, it could be a side effect. Try taking fish oil supplements with meals to reduce gastrointestinal irritation. If symptoms persist, consider switching to another brand or form of omega-3 supplementation.

5. Probiotics

Probiotics can cause bloating, gas, and mild gastrointestinal discomfort in some people, especially when starting supplementation. If you experience increased bloating, gas, or abdominal discomfort after starting probiotic supplements, it could be a sign of a microbial imbalance or intolerance. Start with a lower dose of probiotics and gradually increase over time to allow your gut to adjust. If symptoms persist or worsen, see a healthcare professional for guidance.

It’s also important to note that consuming excessive amounts of certain vitamins or minerals through supplements can lead to toxicity and adverse effects. For example, high doses of vitamin D can cause nausea, vomiting, weakness, and even organ damage.

Some supplements may interact with medications or other supplements, potentially reducing their effectiveness or causing adverse reactions. Some supplements may also contain allergens or ingredients that can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive people.

Always remember to check with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen, especially if you have pre-existing health conditions or take medications, to avoid potential interactions and adverse effects.

Disclaimer: This content, which includes tips, provides general information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV is not responsible for such information.

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